The King’s English
                         
                        H.W. Fowler
                         
                        The plan for the second edition of the classic reference work The King’s
                        English
                        was dictated by the following considerations: (1) to pass by all
                        rules, of whatever absolute importance, that are shown by observation to
                        be seldom or never broken; and (2) to illustrate by living examples, with
                        the name of a reputable authority attached to each, all blunders that
                        observation shows to be common.
                        CONTENTS
                        Bibliographic Record    Preface
                        SECOND EDITION

                        OXFORD: CLARENDON PRESS, 1908
                        NEW YORK: BARTLEBY.COM, 1999
                         
                         
                        No levell'd malice
                        Infects one comma in the course I hold.
                        Timon of Athens, I. i. 48.


                        PART I

                        Chapter I. Vocabulary
                        General Principles
                        Familiar and far-fetched words
                        Concrete and abstract expression
                        Circumlocution
                        Short and long words
                        Saxon and Romance words
                        Requirements of different styles
                        Malaprops
                        Neologisms
                        Americanisms
                        Foreign words
                        Formation
                        Slang
                        Individual
                        Mutual
                        Unique
                        Aggravate


                        Chapter II. Syntax
                        Case
                        Number
                        Comparatives and superlatives
                        Relatives
                        Defining and non-defining relative clauses
                        That and who or which
                        And who, and which
                        Case of the relative
                        Miscellaneous uses of the relative
                        It … that
                        Participle and gerund
                        Participles
                        The gerund
                        Distinguishing the gerund
                        Omission of the gerund subject
                        Choice between gerund and infinitive
                        Shall and will
                        The pure system
                        The coloured-future system
                        The plain-future system
                        Second-person questions
                        Examples of principal sentences
                        Substantival clauses
                        Conditional clauses
                        Indefinite clauses
                        Examples of subordinate clauses
                        Perfect infinitive
                        Conditionals
                        Doubt that
                        Prepositions


                        Chapter III. Airs and Graces
                        Certain types of humour
                        Elegant variation
                        Inversion
                        Exclamatory
                        Balance
                        In syntactic clauses
                        Negative, and false-emphasis
                        Miscellaneous
                        Archaism
                        Occasional
                        Sustained
                        Metaphor
                        Repetition
                        Miscellaneous
                        Trite phrases
                        Irony
                        Superlatives without the
                        Cheap originality


                        Chapter IV. Punctuation
                        General difficulties
                        General principles
                        The spot plague
                        Over-stopping
                        Under-stopping
                        Grammar and punctuation
                        Substantival clauses
                        Subject, &c., and verb
                        Adjectival clauses
                        Adverbial clauses
                        Parenthesis
                        Misplaced commas
                        Enumeration
                        Comma between independent sentences
                        Semicolon with subordinate members
                        Exclamations and statements
                        Exclamations and questions
                        Internal question and exclamation marks
                        Unaccountable commas
                        The colon
                        Miscellaneous
                        Dashes
                        General abuse
                        Legitimate uses
                        Debatable questions
                        Common misuses
                        Hyphens
                        Quotation marks
                        Excessive use
                        Order with stops
                        Single and double
                        Misplaced
                        Half quotation


                        PART II

                        Some less important chapters had been designed on Euphony, Ambiguity, Negligence, and other points. But as the book would with them have run to too great length, some of the examples have been simply grouped here in independent sections, with what seemed the minimum of comment.

                        Euphony
                        1. Jingles
                        2. Alliteration
                        3. Repeated prepositions
                        4. Sequence of relatives
                        5. Sequence of that, &c.
                        6. Metrical prose
                        7. Sentence accent
                        8. Causal as clauses
                        9. Wens and hypertrophied members
                        10. Careless repetition

                        Quotation, &c.
                        1. Common misquotations
                        2. Uncommon misquotations of well-known passages
                        3. Misquotation of less familiar passages
                        4. Misapplied and misunderstood quotations and phrases
                        5. Allusion
                        6. Incorrect allusion
                        7. Dovetailed and adapted quotations and phrases
                        8. Trite quotation
                        9. Latin abbreviations, &c.

                        Grammar
                        1. Unequal yokefellows and defective double harness
                        2. Common parts
                        3. The wrong turning
                        4. Ellipse in subordinate clauses
                        5. Some illegitimate infinitives
                        6. Split infinitives
                        7. Compound passives
                        8. Confusion with negatives
                        9. Omission of as
                        10. Other liberties taken with as
                        11. Brachylogy
                        12. Between two stools
                        13. The impersonal one
                        14. Between … or
                        15. A placed between the adjective and its noun
                        16. Do as substitute verb
                        17. Fresh starts
                        18. Vulgarisms and colloquialisms

                        Meaning
                        1. Tautology
                        2. Redundancies
                        3. As to whether
                        4. Superfluous but and though
                        5. If and when
                        6. Maltreated idioms
                        7. Truisms and contradictions in terms
                        8. Double emphasis
                        9. Split auxiliaries
                        10. Overloading
                        11. Demonstrative, noun, and participle or adjective

                        Ambiguity
                        1. False scent
                        2. Misplacement of words
                        3. Ambiguous position
                        4. Ambiguous enumeration

                        Style
                        1. Antics
                        2. Journalese
                        3. Somewhat, &c.
                        4. Clumsy patching
                        5. Omission of the conjunction that
                        6. Meaningless while
                        7. Commercialisms
                        8. Pet Phrases
                        9. Also as conjunction; and &c.

                        Copyright © 2005-2008
                        Luxi ELT, All Rights Reserved

                          
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